Toward personalized treatment in multiple myeloma based on molecular characteristics.

To date, the choice of therapy for an individual multiple myeloma patient has been based on clinical factors such as age and comorbidities. The widespread evolution, validation, and clinical utilization of molecular technologies, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization and next-generation sequencing has enabled the identification of a number of prognostic and predictive biomarkers for progression-free survival, overall survival, and treatment response. In this review, we argue that in order to continue to improve myeloma patient outcomes incorporating such biomarkers into the routine diagnostic workup of patients will allow for the use of personalized, biologically based treatments.

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